How to prevent infections

How to prevent infections

Infections are caused by microscopic organisms known as pathogens—bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites—that enter the body, multiply, and interfere with normal functions.
Keeping hands clean is one of the most important steps we can take to avoid getting sick and spreading germs to others. Handwashing with soap removes germs from hands. This helps prevent infections because: People frequently touch their eyes, nose, and mouth without even realizing it.

The first line of defense is to keep germs at bay by following good personal hygiene habits.

– Wash your hands well. Always wash your hands after using the bathroom, before and after preparing food. It is very important to also wash your hands after coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose.

– Wet your hands thoroughly. Lather up with soap and rub it into the palms and backs of your hands and your wrists for 20 seconds. Be sure to clean your fingertips, under your nails and between your fingers. Rinse under running water. Dry your hands and wrists thoroughly. Use a paper towel to turn off the water and on the doorknob to open a door.

– If you are unable to wash your hands, use hand sanitizer.

– Cover a cough. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you sneeze or cough, then dispose of it. If no tissue is handy, cough or sneeze into your elbow rather than into your hands. (Coughing or sneezing can spread these germs through microscopic droplets in the air).

  • Don’t share dishes, glasses, or eating utensils.
  • Always wash your hands before and after touching commonly touched areas

Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your home. These include the kitchen and bathroom — two rooms that can have a high concentration of bacteria and other infectious agents. Use a disinfectant to clean frequently touched surfaces:

  • doorknobs
  • light switches
  • remotes
  • phones
  • faucet handles
  • toys
  • keyboards and mouse

Stay home if you are sick (so you do not spread the illness to other people).

Social Distancing- Avoid shaking hands and keep a distance of 6 feet between you and other people.

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